First quality powdered roots make dyeing with this traditional dye easy. Because the roots are completely ground to powder, use a nylon stocking to contain the powder. Steep the roots to extract the dye (3 times), add fiber and simmer at low temperatures (150-160 degrees max) to develop a dark red. We use 100% on the weight of the goods for deepest cranberry to garnet shades. If your water is not well water, add Calcium Carbonate at 2% on the weight of the goods dyed.